Fentanyl, is a powerful synthetic opioid. It’s effects on the body are similar to morphine, but fentanyl is extremely powerful and can be over 100 times more potent than other opioids including heroin. Fentanyl is classified by the United States Government as a schedule II narcotic. Schedule II substances are considered to have a high potential for abuse and physical dependence. Most schedule II medications can also be prescribed by a physician. Pharmaceutical grade fentanyl is used for extreme cases of chronic pain and fatal illnesses. The drug acts on the body’s nervous system like other opioids and reduces pain. For many, Fentanyl also creates a euphoric affect on the brain which increases the likelihood of addiction.
Fentanyl can be administered in a number of ways and comes in a few different forms. Fentanyl can be used by ingesting orally, trans-dermal through the skin, or injected into the blood stream. It is also commonly imported as a research chemical and used to cut and fake prescription pain medications.
Some common warning signs that someone is abusing fentanyl are;
Some signs of a fentanyl overdose are:
There are many short-term consequences that a user of fentanyl can experience. The most serious of these is overdose which can cause death. There are also serious long-term effects of fentanyl use.
Other short-term effects of fentanyl use are;
Long-term effects of fentanyl use include;
Someone who discontinues the use of fentanyl after a period of use can experience both physical and mental withdrawal symptoms.
Some examples of physical fentanyl withdrawal are;
Some mental signs and symptoms of fentanyl withdrawal are;
Withdrawal symptoms from discontinuing fentanyl use can last 7 – 10 days. A user usually begins to experience symptoms after 8 – 12 hours. Symptoms of fentanyl withdrawal are usually at their worst approximately 24 – 72 hours after last use.